After Jesus, the two most significant figures in Christianity are the apostles Peter and Paul/Saul. Paul, in particular, takes a leading role in spreading the teachings of Jesus to Gentiles (non Jews) in the Roman Empire.
Who spread Christianity throughout Europe?
Since at least the legalization of Christianity by the Roman Emperor Constantine in the 4th century, Europe has been an important centre of Christian culture, even though the religion was inherited from the Middle East and important Christian communities have thrived outside Europe such as Oriental Orthodoxy and the …
What caused Christianity to spread throughout Europe?
Beginning in the Middle East, Christianity began its spread north and west into Europe, carried by merchants, missionaries, and soldiers. … As a result, in 313, the Edict of Milan was passed, which guaranteed freedom of religion throughout the Roman Empire, ending the persecution of Christians.
Who was responsible for spreading Christianity throughout the Roman Empire?
In 313 AD, the Emperor Constantine issued the Edict of Milan, which accepted Christianity: 10 years later, it had become the official religion of the Roman Empire.
Who was primarily responsible for the slow conversion of the populations in the European countryside to Christianity during the Middle Ages?
Constantine—who ruled from 324 CE to 337 CE—made some significant changes to the Roman Empire. Two of these changes were the new capital at Byzantium and the new Christian character of the empire (Constantine legalized Christianity and eventually converted himself).
Who started Christianity in Europe?
It was under the reign of Constantine I (306-337) where Christianity became an official religion of the empire. Constantine himself had been introduced to the religion by his mother Helena, and according to Christian sources, he himself witnessed a miraculous cross in the sky before a battle.
Why did Europeans want to spread Christianity in the Americas?
The Catholic Church started a major effort to spread Christianity around the world. Spiritual motivations also justified European conquests of foreign lands. The Catholic Church set up Christian missions to convert indigenous people to the Catholic faith.
How did Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire?
Christianity was spread through the Roman Empire by the early followers of Jesus. … Christianity gained adherents among both Jews and non-Jews, bringing them together with a message of unity before God.
Why was the Edict of Milan important to the spread of Christianity?
Edict of Milan, proclamation that permanently established religious toleration for Christianity within the Roman Empire. … Previous edicts of toleration had been as short-lived as the regimes that sanctioned them, but this time the edict effectively established religious toleration.
What Frankish king was responsible for the conversion of his people to Christianity in order to gain a vague domination over the Franks?
The Merovingian dynasty ruled the Frankish territories until they were displaced by the Carolingian family in the 8th century. The Carolingian Charlemagne (Charles the Great, reigned 768–814) restored the western Roman Empire in cooperation with the papacy and spread Christianity into central and northern Germany.
Who is the leader of the Catholic Church?
pope. pope, (Latin papa, from Greek pappas, “father”), the title, since about the 9th century, of the bishop of Rome, the head of the Roman Catholic Church.