On January 3, 1521, Pope Leo X issues the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem, which excommunicates Martin Luther from the Catholic Church.
Who have been excommunicated?
8 Famous Historical Figures Excommunicated by the Catholic Church
- FIDEL CASTRO. Fidel Castro was excommunicated in 1962 by Pope John XXIII, some say on the basis of a 1949 decree which forbade Catholics from becoming Communists. …
- HENRY VIII. …
- MARTIN LUTHER. …
- JOAN OF ARC. …
- HENRY IV OF FRANCE. …
- QUEEN ELIZABETH I. …
- JUAN PERÓN. …
Which king was excommunicated from the church?
In response, the Pope excommunicated Henry and released his subjects from their allegiance. German aristocrats who were hostile to Henry called for the Pope to hold an assembly in Germany to hear Henry’s case.
Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
|King of Italy and Burgundy|
Who was the last person excommunicated?
The last person to incur public excommunication was Swiss Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, according to Msgr. John Tracy Ellis, a historian. Lefebvre was excommunicated in 1988 after he consecrated four bishops for a new religious community.
When did the Catholic Church excommunicate people in the Middle Ages?
In the mid-12th century, Pope Eugene III held a synod in order to deal with the large number of heretical groups. Mass excommunication was used as a convenient tool to squelch heretics who belonged to groups which professed beliefs radically different than those taught by the Catholic Church.
Has any pope been excommunicated?
The first time by Pope Gregory IX in 1227 for delaying his promise to begin the 5th Crusade; the excommunication was lifted in 1229. The same pope excommunicated him again in 1239 for making war against the Papal States, a censure rescinded by the new pope, Celestine IV, who died soon after.
How many popes have been excommunicated?
The last three popes of the schism were Gregory XII (1406–1409), Alexander V (1409–1410), and John XXIII (1410–1415).
Who excommunicated the bishop of Constantinople in 1054?
In 1054, Pope Leo IX excommunicated the patriarch of Constantinople, an occasion that would go down in history as the beginning of the “Great Schism” between the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches.
Why did Luther get excommunicated?
In January 1521, Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther. Three months later, Luther was called to defend his beliefs before Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms, where he was famously defiant. For his refusal to recant his writings, the emperor declared him an outlaw and a heretic.
What did Martin Luther do after he was excommunicated?
In January 1521, the Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther. He was then summoned to appear at the Diet of Worms, an assembly of the Holy Roman Empire. He refused to recant and Emperor Charles V declared him an outlaw and a heretic. Luther went into hiding at Wartburg Castle.
Why was Madonna excommunicated from the church?
T he Vatican accused Madonna of blasphemy and profanity today over her controversial stage act. Senior figures in Rome, where she is to appear in front of 75,000 fans on Sunday, called for her to be excommunicated.
What happens when a person is excommunicated?
excommunication, form of ecclesiastical censure by which a person is excluded from the communion of believers, the rites or sacraments of a church, and the rights of church membership but not necessarily from membership in the church as such.
Is Marcel Lefebvre still excommunicated?
A priest for 61 years, Lefebvre died an outlaw in the eyes of the Vatican, excommunicated for defiantly consecrating four bishops in a Swiss meadow on a sultry summer morning in 1988 against the orders of Pope John Paul II. “When the Pope is in error, he ceases to be Pope,” Lefebvre once said.
When was King John excommunicated?
John, taking his ground on the traditional rights of the English crown in episcopal elections, refused to accept Langton. In March 1208, Innocent laid an interdict on England and excommunicated John (November 1209).
Which pope excommunicated Martin Luther?
In 1520, Leo issued the papal bull Exsurge Domine demanding Luther retract 41 of his 95 theses, and after Luther’s refusal, excommunicated him. Some historians believe that Leo never really took Luther’s movement or his followers seriously, even until the time of his death in 1521.
When was the Catholic Church the most powerful?
After the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century, there emerged no single powerful secular government in the West. There was however a central ecclesiastical power in Rome, the Catholic Church. In this power vacuum, the church rose to become the dominant power in the West.