The nominal head of the Eastern Orthodox Churches is the Patriarch of Constantinople.
Who is the leader of the Greek Orthodox Church?
The Greek Orthodox Church is led by an ecumenical patriarch, currently Bartholomew I of Constantinople. Underneath him are archbishops, such as Elpidophoros, that oversee entire nations.
Who governs the Orthodox Church?
A member of the World Council of Churches and the National Council of Churches in the U.S.A., the Orthodox Church is governed by a council of bishops, clergy, and laity. It includes approximately 400 parishes, using mostly English in worship.
The church has no central doctrinal or governmental authority analogous to the Bishop of Rome (Pope), but the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is recognised by all bishops as primus inter pares (“first among equals”) and regarded as the representative and spiritual leader of Eastern Orthodox Christians.
Who founded the Greek Orthodox Church?
Two patriarchates are noted to have been founded by St Peter, the patriarchate of Rome and the patriarchate of Antioch. The Eastern churches accept Antioch as the church founded by St Peter (see the Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch and the Syriac Orthodox Church).
Who has supreme power in the Eastern Orthodox Church?
Differences and Similarities between the
|Who has supreme power?||Emperor|
|Who is the church leader?||Patriarch|
|What are the beliefs concerning marriage of clergy?||Could marry, but if they did they could not become bishops|
|What are the beliefs concerning the role of the Pope?||Spokesperson of equals|
What is the hierarchy in the Greek Orthodox Church?
The Orthodox Christian hierarchy from bottom to top: priests, bishops, and the Patriarch. The bishops have different names such as Patriarch, Catholcos. Metropolitan, Archbishop and Exarch. These name generally reflect seniority, experience and honors.
Why is it called Greek Orthodox?
The Greek word “orthodox” simply means “correct belief” and at the same time, “correct worship.” It became the name applied to the Christian Church that grew and flourished in the eastern, predominantly Greek speaking regions of the late Roman Empire.
What is the difference between Catholic and Protestant and Orthodox?
The Catholic Church believes the pope to be infallible in matters of doctrine. Orthodox believers reject the infallibility of the pope and consider their own patriarchs, too, as human and thus subject to error. In this way, they are similar to Protestants, who also reject any notion of papal primacy.
Can Orthodox bishops marry?
Bishops must be unmarried men or widowers; a married man cannot become a bishop. … In most Orthodox traditions and in some Eastern Catholic Churches men who are already married may be ordained priests, but priests may not marry after ordination.
Which country has the most Orthodox?
Overview. Eastern Orthodoxy is the predominant religion in the world’s largest country, Russia (77%), where roughly half the world’s Eastern Orthodox Christians live.
Are Eastern Orthodox and Greek Orthodox the same?
Historically, the term “Greek Orthodox” has been used to describe all Eastern Orthodox churches in general, since the term “Greek” can refer to the heritage of the Byzantine Empire. … Thus, Eastern Orthodox came to be called “Greek” Orthodox in the same way that the Western Christians came to be called “Roman” Catholic.
How is Greek Orthodox different from Protestant?
Orthodox Christianity vs Protestant Christianity
The difference between Orthodox Christianity and Protestant Christianity is that they follow different divine inspirations. The Orthodox follow the ‘Holy Inspiration of Church’ along with the Bible. Whereas, protestants follow only the Bible.
Is Greek Orthodox the same as Greek Catholic?
Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox believers both believe in the same God. 2. Roman Catholics deem the Pope as infallible, while Greek Orthodox believers don’t. … Latin is the main language used during Roman Catholic services, while Greek Orthodox churches use native languages.