What is the semicircular area above the door lintel of many Romanesque church portals?

trefoil: An ornamental form which has three lobes or foils. Compare with cinqfoil, quatrefoil. tympanum (plural, tympana): The basically semicircular area enclosed by the arch above the lintel of an arched entranceway. This area is often decorated with sculpture in the Romanesque and Gothic periods.

What is the name for the semicircular space above the doors on a Romanesque church group of answer choices?

In Romanesque architecture, the tympanum constitutes the area between the lintel over a doorway and the arch above. During the 11th and 12th centuries in Europe, tympana over church portals were decorated with intricate and stylized relief sculpture.

What is the name of the large semi-circular space above the doors of a church it is often filled with images?

A tympanum (plural, tympana; from Greek and Latin words meaning “drum”) is the semi-circular or triangular decorative wall surface over an entrance, door or window, which is bounded by a lintel and an arch. It often contains pedimental sculpture or other imagery or ornaments.

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What is the term for the semi-circular decorative stone above the lintel of a portal to a medieval church?

Cruciform plan. within the Romanesque Church Portal. the semicircular area above the door lintel. Tympanum. within the Romanesque Church Portal.

What is the name of this semicircular space beneath the vault where the image is created?

lunette, arching aperture in a wall or concave ceiling. It may be crescent-shaped or semicircular. The word is the French diminutive of lune, “moon.” Lunettes may function as windows, they may form a cove for ornament or statuary, or they may be simply a section of wall framed by an arch or vault.

What is the name for the semicircular space above the doors on a Romanesque church quizlet?

Above the doors leading into the Romanesque church, a horizontal element called the lintel was often heavily carved and part of the narrative of the tympanum above. The wedge-form stone voussirs formed an arch above the doorway into Romanesque churches.

Why is it called Romanesque?

The Romanesque was at its height between 1075 and 1125 in France, Italy, Britain, and the German lands. The name Romanesque refers to the fusion of Roman, Carolingian and Ottonian, Byzantine, and local Germanic traditions that make up the mature style.

What is the chancel area of a church?

chancel, portion of a church that contains the choir, often at the eastern end. Before modern changes in church practice, only clergy and choir members were permitted in the chancel.

What is the area behind the altar called?

The chancel is generally the area used by the clergy and choir during worship, while the congregation is in the nave. … In churches with a retroquire area behind the altar, this may only be included in the broader definition of chancel.

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What is the main room in a Catholic church called?

nave, central and principal part of a Christian church, extending from the entrance (the narthex) to the transepts (transverse aisle crossing the nave in front of the sanctuary in a cruciform church) or, in the absence of transepts, to the chancel (area around the altar).

What is the Romanesque era?

Romanesque art is the art of Europe from approximately 1000 AD to the rise of the Gothic style in the 12th century, or later depending on region. The preceding period is known as the Pre-Romanesque period. … From these elements was forged a highly innovative and coherent style.

What is a Romanesque tympanum?

tympanum : (plural, tympana): The basically semicircular area enclosed by the arch above the lintel of an arched entranceway. This area is often decorated with sculpture in the Romanesque and Gothic periods. See also: lintel, portal.

What are cloisters used for?

A cloister is an enclosed garden, usually surrounded by covered walkways. Because such spaces are often featured in buildings that house religious orders, cloister can be used to mean “monastery” or “convent.”

What does nave mean in art?

nave The central longitudinal space of a bascilican church. It is usually flanked on its lond sides by aislas which are separated from the nave by columns or piers.

What is a narthex in the Catholic church?

narthex, long, narrow, enclosed porch, usually colonnaded or arcaded, crossing the entire width of a church at its entrance.

What is a groin vault quizlet?

Architects are concerned only on the aesthetic appeal of architecture. What is a groin vault? A groin vault has two barrel vaults of the same diameter which cross or intersect one another. … a curved triangular architectural element that transfers the weight from the dome to the supporting curve.

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