Quick Answer: Which term refers to the central aisle of a church or basilica?

In a basilican church (see basilica), which has side aisles, nave refers only to the central aisle. The nave is that part of a church set apart for the laity, as distinguished from the chancel, choir, and presbytery, which are reserved for the choir and clergy.

What are the parts of a basilica?

Terms in this set (6)

  • Cruciform Plan. A cross-shaped floor-plan; not fully used until the Gothic era.
  • Nave. the part of the church between the chief entrance and the apse end; the long, central hallway demarcated from the side aisles by piers or columns.
  • Transept. …
  • Aisles. …
  • Apse. …
  • Neoplatonism.

What is the Knave of a church?

The nave (/neɪv/) is the central part of a church, stretching from the (normally western) main entrance or rear wall, to the transepts, or in a church without transepts, to the chancel.

Which is the central space of a longitudinal church?

nave The central longitudinal space of a bascilican church. It is usually flanked on its lond sides by aislas which are separated from the nave by columns or piers.

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What is a nave and transept?

transept, the area of a cruciform church lying at right angles to the principal axis. … The transept itself is sometimes simply called the cross. The nave of a church with a cruciform plan usually extends toward the west from the crossing, the choir and sanctuary toward the east.

Why is it called a basilica?

A basilica is a large, important church. … The word “basilica” is Latin which was taken from the Greek “Basiliké Stoà”. Nowadays the word is used in three ways: A Roman Catholic church that has been given the right to use that name, by the Pope.

What is the difference between a church and a basilica?

The term “basilica” is an additional label to whatever the structure already is; any cathedral or church can also be a basilica. So, to answer the original question: The Notre Dame is a church, a cathedral, and a basilica minor. (It was given basilica status in 1805.)

What is the aisle of a church?

aisle, portion of a church or basilica that parallels or encircles the major sections of the structure, such as the nave, choir, or apse (aisles around the apse are usually called ambulatories). The aisle is often set off by columns or by an arcade. Fast Facts.

Where is the choir in a church?

choir, in architecture, area of a church designed to accommodate the liturgical singers, located in the chancel, between the nave and the altar. In some churches the choir is separated from the nave by an ornamental partition called a choir screen, or more frequently by a choir rail.

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What is an apse in church?

apse, in architecture, a semicircular or polygonal termination to the choir, chancel, or aisle of a secular or ecclesiastical building. First used in pre-Christian Roman architecture, the apse often functioned as an enlarged niche to hold the statue of a deity in a temple.

What is the nave in a basilica plan church?

In a basilican church (see basilica), which has side aisles, nave refers only to the central aisle. The nave is that part of a church set apart for the laity, as distinguished from the chancel, choir, and presbytery, which are reserved for the choir and clergy.

Which church combines the features of a longitudinal basilica and a central plan church?

The Hagia Sophia combines a longitudinal basilica and a centralized building in a wholly original manner, with a huge 32-metre (105-foot) main dome supported on pendentives and two semidomes, one on either side of the longitudinal axis.

What is a church entrance called?

The narthex is an architectural element typical of early Christian and Byzantine basilicas and churches consisting of the entrance or lobby area, located at the west end of the nave, opposite the church’s main altar. … By extension, the narthex can also denote a covered porch or entrance to a building.

What is the front of a cathedral called?

When you walk through the main front door of the cathedral, generally called the West Door, you enter into the narthex. The narthex is a congregating space, often separated from the main worship area by another set of doors. The narthex has changed quite a bit over the years.

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