Modern Catholic Social Teaching, rooted in Scripture and articulated through a tradition of written documents, has evolved over time in response to the challenges of the day. It is the foundation of the mission and values of Catholic Community Services and the Catholic Housing Services.
History. The principles of Catholic social doctrine have their roots in the social teachings of the New Testament, in teachings of the Church Fathers, and of course in the Old Testament and Hebrew scriptures generally.
Formal Catholic Social Teaching is defined by a set of Papal documents, starting with Pope Leo XIII’s 1891 encyclical on the condition of the working class, Rerum Novarum. Ultimately, however, it originates in how God speaks to us in scripture.
Scripture makes it clear that each and every person is made in the image and likeness of God. This radical claim is the source of our belief in the inherent and inviolable dignity of the human person. The dignity of the human person is the cornerstone of all Catholic social teaching.
Where do Catholic teachings come from?
As a branch of Christianity, Roman Catholicism can be traced to the life and teachings of Jesus Christ in Roman-occupied Jewish Palestine about 30 CE. According to Roman Catholic teaching, each of the sacraments was instituted by Christ himself.
The foundations of modern Catholic social teaching are widely considered to have been laid by Pope Leo XIII’s 1891 encyclical letter Rerum Novarum. A distinctive feature of Catholic social teaching is its concern for the poorest members of society.
Catholic Social Teaching
- Life and Dignity of the Human Person. …
- Call to Family, Community, and Participation. …
- Rights and Responsibilities. …
- Preferential Option for the Poor. …
- The Dignity of Work and the Rights of Workers. …
- Solidarity. …
- Care for God’s Creation.
The biblical roots of social justice
The Bible makes social justice a mandate of faith and a fundamental expression of Christian discipleship. … From a scriptural point of view, justice means loving our neighbor as we love ourselves and is rooted in the character and nature of God.
The social teachings are made up of three distinct elements:
- Principles of reflection;
- Criteria for judgement; and.
- Guidelines for action.
Catholic Social Teaching Research Guide: The 7 Themes of Catholic Social Teaching
- Life and Dignity of the Human Person.
- Call to Family, Community, and Participation.
- Rights and Responsibilities.
- Option for the Poor and Vulnerable.
- The Dignity of Work and the Rights of Workers.
- Care for God’s Creation.
It continually develops through observation, analysis, and action. Click the links below to learn about nine core principles of Catholic social teaching that guide our work, and how different communities are practicing them.
At the core of Catholic Social Teaching are a number of key concepts and principles. Chief among these are justice, human dignity, the common good, the principles of participation, solidarity, and subsidiarity, the universal destination of the world’s goods, and the option for the poor.
Why is the Catholic Bible different?
The difference between Catholic Bible and Christian Bible is that the Catholic Bible comprises all 73 books of the old testament and new testament recognized by the Catholic Church, whereas the Christian Bible, also known as the holy bible, is a sacred book for Christian. … A Catholic Bible follows catholic canon law.
What is the difference between Christians and Catholics?
A Christian refers to a follower of Jesus Christ who may be a Catholic, Protestant, Gnostic, Mormon, Evangelical, Anglican or Orthodox, or follower of another branch of the religion. A Catholic is a Christian who follows the Catholic religion as transmitted through the succession of Popes.
Is Catholicism a form of Christianity?
Types of Christianity
Christianity is broadly split into three branches: Catholic, Protestant and (Eastern) Orthodox. The Catholic branch is governed by the Pope and Catholic bishops around the world.